History Poreč - Historical and Cultural Information about Poreč
Poreč has a great historical and cultural offer. Let us impress you with the historical background of this unique city. The natural protection of the 400 m long and 200 m wide peninsula probably contributed during prehistory by offering a central harbour. The densely populated fortress buildings served the Histri tribes in the area of today's Poreč. In 2 BC, a Roman settlement was established along this natural harbour, which developed into a fortified town, a symmetric orthogonal street grid, where the main roads Cardo Maximus and Decumanus and the Forum in the centre, have remained until the present day.
Even before Caesar, Poreč was recognised as a town. In the first half of the century, the colony Julia Parentum was founded. Poreč had a Bishop back in the times of the persecution of the Christians in the 3rd Century. The first Bishop of Poreč, Mauro, was a victim of the persecution of the Romans, and was elected as a saint in the town after his death. From then until today Poreč has been a diocese. In the 4th Century, an early Christian cathedral was built and a hundred years later expanded. Later in the 6th Century, the Bishop Euphrasius allowed a basilica to be built on the same place, which is the pearl of the architectural heritage of the town.
At the beginning of the 7th Century, Slavs settled down in Istria, and from 5th Century on until World War II the town was under the rule of different states and rulers. Beginning with the Ostrogoths, then there were the Franks, the aquillanique patriarch, Venice, Austria, and Italy under Napoleon's order. Since 1943, and together with the rest of Istria, it is a part of Croatia.
For the longest period, Poreč was a part of the Venetian Republic, from 1267 to 1797. Already back in the 12th century it had its own urban self-government, and probably from the year 1250 the first statute of the town. Also, the fact that Poreč was the regional power seat in 1861 during the Austro-Hungarian monarchy, when the Istrian parliament was appointed, contributed greatly to Poreč´s reputation.
You can feel the spirit of this town best in the heart of the old town. Visit the Euphrasius Basilica, the Cathedral of the Croatian Diocese of Poreč-Pula, which is one of the most important religious buildings in Croatia, or stroll through the Marafor town square.